All of have spent time dealing with one skin condition or another. For some, this condition is hyperpigmentation. Most of the time this equals sun spots. The dark spots across the skin that form from overexposure to the sun without sufficient protection. Sometimes the damage sneaks by even when you’ve done your best to protect your skin, but there’s not much you can do about an entirely natural response. Other people experience hyperpigmentation as a result of a skin condition or a bad reaction to a low-quality product. Regardless of the reason, the fact remains that some of us need to focus on minimizing the appearance of darker areas of our skin. There are plenty of products out there to help with that and OROGOLD has put together a quick overview of some ingredients that you should look for in such products. Other ingredients work, but these are some of the most reliable ones.

Hydroxy Acids
Alpha hydroxy acids like glycolic and citric acid are used in skin care for multiple purposes. Like their close relative salicylic acid, the compounds are most commonly used as chemical exfoliants in products. They help break down dead skin cells and the grime that builds up on the skin. This helps keep the skin clean, but there is an added effect. Removing the dead skin cells and encouraging the skin’s natural cell turnover rate helps to fade hyperpigmentation over time. The effects are relatively small on their own, but specialized products use hydroxy acids in combination with other ingredients to have a much more noticeable effect on the darker areas. Furthermore, most supervised deep peels that offer pigmentation correction as a service tend to focus on higher concentrations of these acids in a particular peeling mix. They are reliable and effective in most forms, but especially when used in masks.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is one of those rare ingredients that seems to have nothing wrong with it at all. OROGOLD is especially fond of vitamin C for its anti-aging properties, but it has plenty of other effects as well. As a potent antioxidant, vitamin C helps to protect the skin from free radicals and encourages the skin’s natural repair function. This ties directly with dealing with hyperpigmentation thanks to its close ties to sun damage. Vitamin C’s combined effects actually work to lighten dark areas over time. Its most profound effects are in how it helps to protect the skin. The antioxidants do their job, yes, but vitamin C encourages the growth of collagen and overall health of the skin to make it more resilient against damage. Proper use of a vitamin C heavy product will help guard against any new sunspots forming while lightening the rest.

There are a handful of ingredients that are actually targeted specifically towards dealing with hyperpigmentation. Hydroquinone is one of the best of these ingredients. It helps by limiting how much melanin the area it is applied to can produce as well as making it much harder for cells to produce it. This can lead to dramatic results for some when the ingredient is used properly. As a result, hydroquinone is one of the go-to ingredients many products turn to when considering what will work best to fight pigmentation. We do feel the need to stress that the exact reliability of the ingredient varies for those with skin of a naturally darker pigmentation. In rare cases, hydroquinone is known to actually further darken the area it is applied to in such people. It is not a very common side effect, but people should be aware of it when considering products utilizing it.

Fighting against hyperpigmentation is sometimes an annoyance. This is especially true given how many products designed for fighting the condition require continual application to make a difference. The results may be worth it, but you’ll likely be tired of the product before it is done with its work. OROGOLD simply recommends sticking to your routine with the product for as long as it takes. Just remember to protect your skin appropriately with sunscreen to ensure you don’t accidentally undo any progress.

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