While many people may experience dark spots appearing on their face, especially as they age, fewer seem to know exactly what has caused them. OROGOLD takes a look at why we get dark spots, as well as what you can do to clear them.

Hyperpigmentation
One of the most common causes of dark spots, hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin is damaged in a particular area. This causes extra melanin to be produced by the skin, making that particular patch look darker. There are quite a few different causes of hyperpigmentation, from genetics to sun exposure to hormonal changes, while certain medications can also cause the change to occur. Another form of hyperpigmentation is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which is when a patch of skin changes color due to a wound, such as the type that is caused by acne.

UV Exposure
UV exposure is a leading contributor to dark spots, as any excessive exposure to the sun causes the skin to produce extra melanin to protect itself. In addition to this, UV light can cause other forms of skin damage that result in dark spots. One of these is melasma, which usually occurs in women who have a darker skin tone. Developing mainly on the face, the darker pigmentation that melasma causes usually appears symmetrically, improving in the winter but becoming worse in the summer.

Other Causes
There are a few other conditions that can cause dark spots to appear on the face. During pregnancy, it is common for women to experience chloasma, especially those who have a darker skin tone. Caused by changing hormones, this usually clears up a few months after the baby has been delivered. Dark spots can also be a sign of liver damage, occurring because the body is not able to effectively clear out all of the toxins within the body.

Dark Spot Remedies
For those of you who have never tried to treat your dark spots, a simple at-home remedy is often the best way to get started. Castor oil is known to be able to bleach dark spots, while dabbing milk onto darkened skin has also been proven to be relatively successful. Other common ingredients that can help include turmeric, honey, yoghurt, cucumber, papaya and aloe vera. If you have already tried a few home remedies with no success, OROGOLD recommends the OROGOLD 24K Bio-Brightening Dark Spot Solution, which can be used each night to help hide your dark patches or blemishes.

Although there may be many different remedies for dark spots, OROGOLD recommends that you first visit your doctor before trying any of them out, as you need to ensure that the dark spots are not a sign of an underlying condition, such as liver disease. Although it may take some experimentation to clear your dark patches, there are so many remedies out there that you are bound to be able to find one that works for you. OROGOLD also recommends increasing your use of sunscreen, as this will help to protect your skin from any future dark spots that may have otherwise appeared.

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